Maintaining colon health is part of your effort to keep your digestive system working. The colon, also called the large intestine, is responsible for making and storing stools. It is a tube that is hollow and is five feet long found at the end of the digestive tract. There are a number of conditions that hamper the colon's performance as the last part of the body's digestive system. These conditions include colon cancer, diverticulosis, diverticulitis, colitis, among others. Irritable bowels, including constipation, also affect the colon, although they are not as serious as the ones first mentioned.
What is the role of the colon in your digestive system? The colon’s main role is to convert about three pints of liquid waste it receives per day into solid waste and prepares it for its exit from body through the anus. The colon, therefore, coordinates closely with the rectum, that part just above the anus, to make bowels smooth and easy. A normal person needs to maintain colon health in order to pass solid stool in a normal way. That means about 150 grams of stool every day, depending on how often a person does his bowel movements.
One of the most common disorders affecting the colon and the rectum is constipation. When a person suffers from constipation, his bowel appears normal when in fact it is not functioning well. In constipation, the stools are hard, small, difficult and infrequent.
There are several causes for constipation. The list includes a diet that lacks fiber, lack of oral fluid, the habit of delaying the bowel movement, and slow movement in the large intestine.
If you suffer from constipation, you may exert more effort to pass stools, creating other problems like cracks in the tissue lining of the anus and hemorrhoids. To treat constipation, you will be advised to add more fiber in your diet. If that doesn’t work, you will be told to take laxatives.